When the U.S.-led coalition invaded, the unintentional consequence may have been allowing nuclear material to fall into the wrong hands. While Saddam was in charge of Iraq, the U.N. had closed and sealed several research facilities and put them under the watch of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) after the 1991 Gulf War.
The officials were evacuated during the invasion and the subsequent looting led to enriched uranium and other nuclear items being stolen from the sealed facilities. While it’s a good thing that the U.S. is now removing the material from Iraq — 1.8 tons so far — it is unknown how much may have fallen into the hands of looters and has spread to terrorists. Reuters has the full story in Iraq Confirms U.S. Has Removed Nuclear Material:
U.S. and U.N. officials said Wednesday Washington had transported 1.8 tons of enriched uranium out of Iraq for safekeeping more than a year after looters stole it from a U.N.-sealed facility left unguarded by U.S. troops
Again, the question is: How much was looted that the U.S. and U.N. has not been able to recover?